sixbells2001.jpg

From the Archives

At a recent dinner in connection with the Horley Habitation [Sussex No. 1496] at the Chequers Assembly Room, there was a very large attendance of members, including several ladies; and Sir Trevor Lawrence, M.P., having, in felicitous terms, proposed "The Health of the Ladies", and informed the company that the toast, somewhat unusually, was coupled with the name of a lady, - MISS MARRYAT, who was enthusiastically applauded, rose and said:

"Mr. Chairman, Mr. Vice-Chairman, and gentlemen, as none of the senior Dames of the League have risen to reply to this toast, I trust you will not consider me very presumptuous in rising to return thanks on behalf of my sex for the many nice things Sir Trevor Lawrence has said in his speech about us. [Cheers] I believe it is rather unusual for a lady to respond to this toast, but I fancy the custom has arisen somewhat in this way. It is not uncommon, I am told in London and other cities, for some 200 or 300 gentlemen to get together and have grand banquets all to themselves, while the ladies are banished to a gallery to look at them through the railings, feeding [laughter] just like you see the animals fed at the Zoological Gardens. [Much laughter.]

Well, having thus wilfully banished the fairer sex from their society, of course they go through the hollow farce of drinking the health of the banished ladies, they have put to some unhappy man to reply [laughter], but really on these occasions, when the noble beasts - I beg your pardon, the nobler sex [laughter] - unbend so much as to let us feed with them, I think the least we can do is relieve some unhappy man of the task and reply for ourselves. [Loud cheers and laughter] If, too, you will consider for a moment, you will see what an absurdity it is for a man - a bachelor too, I believe generally - attempting to reply to a toast on the subject of which he needs must be woefully ignorant. [laughter] For, if he is an old bachelor, his life has evidently been passed uncheered by the sunshine of a woman. If a young bachelor, he is probably too much taken up with admiration for himself to have had time to study the opposite sex. A married man, now, might know something about us, but I suppose they are never allowed to reply, because I imagine you gentlemen have the vulgar and erroneous notion that if were to dilate on our charms - as he undoubtedly would do - he would have a rough time of it when he got home. [Cheers and laughter]

I will only remark, in conclusion, that whatever may be in store for our sex in future - whether you admit us to many branches of science, arts and honours, or even give us women's suffrage, and many other things from which we are now excluded - you may depend upon it that the higher the scale of duties and responsibilities to which you raise your women - and you will find us fit for them when the time comes - the higher you will raise yourselves in the scale of civilisation, and the greatest number of perfect English women you will produce. [Loud and prolonged cheering!]

Reprinted from "The Windmills of Surrey and Inner London" by K.C. Farriers and M. T. Mason (Charles Skilton Ltd London 1966)

100 yd from the Smallfield road and about 25 yd to the W. of Langshott (Lane) just before the bend around Mill Croft. National Grid Reference 52891434.

This post mill was probably erected during the first half of the eighteenth century, after which period it is indicated on most maps of Surrey (1). In 1848 the mill and the small meadow around it were occupied by Griffin Beale, the owner of this and surrounding land then being Henry Bridges (2). Another Beale  Thomas  is recorded at Nutfield in 1839 (3). The mill house lay 300 yd north-eastward along Langshott Lane where Windmill Cottage now stands  Greenwood's map of 1823 is precise upon this point.

The mill was not worked after about 1875; it was used by the last miller  Henry Jennings, who succeeded William Charlwood   for the grinding of flour and cattle foods. An unsigned water-colour in private possession (4) is the only known picture of the mill, but it is a little too impressionist in style to yield precise technical data. However, a few recorded facts (5) reveal an unexceptional mill; there was a weatherboarded body winded by tail pole on a single-storied roundhouse, and there were four common sails driving two pairs of stones, one peak, one French burr, both of which were latterly dressed by Jennings. The stones were apparently driven by brake and tail wheels (6).

After the mill ceased to work, it was left to stand with broken sweeps by its owner, Canon Bridges; he was in favour of preservation, but after his death his son had the derelict removed in about 1900, when the Beddington estate was broken up. Arthur Jennings, a local builder, was commissioned to demolish the mill; it was agreed that he should take the whole of the timber and all other useful materials from the debris for what seems the ridiculously low figure of £5; his demolition charges were thereby well covered. The task of destruction was comparatively easy; several of the main timbers in the base were severed, and a number of men pushed on the tail pole until the mill reeled and fell with a tremendous crash.

One of the stones was bartered for a barrel of beer, and this stone, or another, now lies as a pedestal with a surround of crazy paving in the garden of Mill Croft, a few yards from the site. It is a French burr with working face uppermost; the weather has by now spared little of the binding loop or of the matrix between the segments. At the site itself on a piece of waste ground, a slight baldness in the grass, or perhaps a subtle difference in texture, seems to betray the area of the former mill circle  at least, to those predisposed to find it!

Notes:

(1) e.g. Rocque, 1762; Andrews and Dury, 1777; Lindley and Crosley, 1789; one-inch O.S., 1816, six-inch, 1870.

(2) Tithe map. Tithe Redemption Commission, Finsbury Square, London, EC2.

(3) Pigot's Directory.

(4) Mr M. T. Mason, bequeathed by the late Mr T. J. Mason, Bromley, Kent.

(5) By Mr D. W. Muggeridge, c.1935 from Mr Arthur Jennings.

(6) Evidence provided by the millstone and by the anti-clockwise sails of the water-colour.

 

 

 

A letter addressed to Head Porter Pattenden, Horley Station dated 5 October 1905 from the General Manager, London Brighton & South Coast Railway, London Bridge Station, SE.

"My attention has been called to a case of attempted suicide on the part of a man named Wellbeloved (He obviously wasn't) at Horley Station on the 5th ultimo, when, at considerable risk to yourself, you rescued him from his dangerous position when an approaching train was within 20 or 30 feet of him.

I have very much pleasure in commen-ding you for this very courageous act, and I have given instructions for it to be recorded in our staff register and to be mentioned in the Special Staff Notice.

I have also pleasure in enclosing £1 in recognition of your praiseworthy conduct on the occasion."

Question: did he jump from one of the present platforms or from one of the previous station's platforms?

Mr Pattenden lived at the time in Station Bungalow sited on the south side of the High Street entrance to the subway. His son kindly allowed the Society to copy this letter.

An extract from the "Surrey Gazette" 24 June 1879 concerning the appointment of teachers at the Horley Row School.


The manner in which the religious views held by members of the Horley School Board, who happen to be all Churchmen, were introduced into the administration of the business before them at their meeting on Monday evening, will scarcely be regarded by outsiders in a light favourable to that body. The particular business was the appointment of pupil-teachers to the girls' and boy's schools. (there being just one school) The result of advertisements was the application of three candidates, who all attended. Of the masculine gender there were two representatives, but for the female pupil-teachership there was no opportunity for choice.


Investigation into the acquirements of the solitary candidate proved her to be a very 'forward' young woman indeed, in educational matters, so much so as to elicit a query whether she was too advanced for the position, to which reply was made that the Board should gain the advantage of her accomplishments during the time she remained with them,- an advantage well worth taking into account. About her respectability there was also no manner of doubt. But the Chairman of the Board having elicited that the unfortunate girl was so lost to a due sense of what was right and proper as to attend a Baptist Chapel, and to have suffered herself to receive education - and a first-class education, too - at a school connected with a Dissenting sect, a round of protest emanating from all the members but the vice-chairman, who deserves praise for his courage in asserting his view that they should appoint the best candidate, whether of Church or Nonconformist principles, and in moving this particular candidate's appointment.


But it was evident her doom was fixed, although the girl was not a Papist. And she was refused the appointment, though admittedly most eligible for it in every respect, because she happened to be a Dissenter, because the Board have appropriated the hour formerly reserved for Church teaching in the Horley Board School, and now use it for unsectarian teaching. The only redeeming feature of the case was the handing the girl a half-sovereign as some compensation for her trouble in coming there.


Some brief details

Salfords: derivation of name.
- Salix is Latin for willow, hence it is the "Ford by the willows."
- In Rocque's map of 1762 it is called "Salvers" with "Salvers Bridge".

Petridgewood

- Thought to be used by one of the settled manors to the north in 947 AD as a swine pasture known as
a denn. Could be one of the earliest known uses of land in the area.
(Erbridge and the Merstham dens in Horley by Roger Ellaby 2004)

Roads

- It is suggested that an ancient trackway ran south and north to the east of Salfords.
- Part of it ran from Cross Oak Lane, through Perry Wood alongside the Sports and Social Club of that
name, over Honeycrock Lane, alongside Dean Farm to Whitebushes. Much of it can still be seen.
(Earlswood-Salfords-Horley ancient trackway by Roger Ellaby 2000)
- Before 1816 no made up roads. All were hard, rutted and dusty in summer and quite impassable in
winter.
- In 1816 road from Gatton that passed through Salfords from Woodhatch was turnpiked, made-up,
and a tollgate erected at the western end of Maple Road where payments were made for use of
the road. In same year the road from Redhill was turnpiked hence the mile post opposite the old
school site alongside the A23 and one at the top of Peartree Hill.

Local Farms/Early Settlements

- Many surrounding farms suggest they could have been early settlements.
- Some may derive their names from medieval tenants.
- Examples from Medieval Settlement Patterns in NE Horley by R Ellaby, 1982. (L = listed)
Hazelhurst         1203
Salfords (Salvers) 1279
Staplehurst (L)   1290
Masons Bridge    1316
Dean (L)            1316
Dairyhouse         1316
Christmas (L)     1332
Picketts (L)        1332
Newhouse          1332
Axes (L)            16c
Starlings (L)       17c
Sharps              1535 extant
Peartree            1623 extant

Lodge Mill off Lodge Lane

- First reference  1263
- Mill house thought to be the site of present day Elmersland (L,18c) where Richard Todd was the
miller and occupier in 1590, hence the mill is often referred to as Todd's mill even though there were
? other owners and occupiers after that date.
- Taken down by John Lyfe c1655. (The Shove Family, a private communication)

Horley Lodge Manor House

- One of 5 manor houses in original parish of Horley. Others were: Court Lodge (today's Anderson
Sports Centre), Langshott, Bures and Kinnersley.
- Boundary of the Manor of Lodge was roughly: Lonesome Lane and Meath Green Lane to the west,
Brighton and Bonehurst Roads to the east, Horley Row to the south and the original parish
boundary to the north. An eastern corner stone was unearthed in 2006.
- Up to about the 17c courts were held at the Manor House. Court Barons dealt with all admin matters
and Court Leets with all criminal and matters of law.

Brighton Road Mill House

- Part listed from 17c.

Brighton Road Mill

- Date of original mill unknown.
- Was a working mill by 1800s and perhaps much earlier.
- Burned down in 1887.
- Rebuilt as a 5 story building.
- Taken over by the 7th Day Adventists under the name of the International Health Organisation Ltd to
produce breakfast cereals under Dr Kellogg until 1896.
- Burned down in 1900.

John Maple

- Following an apprenticeship with W H Batchellor in Lee Street Horley, John Maple eventually
founded the furniture store in Tottenham Court Road, London and settled at Petridgewood Farm to
become owner of land in Salfords.

Schools

- First school opened at junction of Woodhatch and Brighton Roads in 1876.
- Before this the nearest school was in Horley Row from 1834.
- First school was demolished in the 1960s
- New school opened in Copsleigh Avenue in 1959.

Church

- Mission Church built in 1881 at a cost of £500 on land given on a 999 year lease by Mr Miller of
Peartree farm. Called "Christ Church" and John Maple of Petridgewood paid the stipend and
Church expenses until 1910.
- Enlarged by John Maple's son, Sir John Blundell Maple, at a cost of £300 in 1891/2.
- John Maple build the vicarage that faced onto the Brighton Road that remained the home of the
Salfords clergy until the present one was occupied in 1968.
- An Anglican Order made Salfords a legal district, ie, a Parish in 1952.
- Start of present day Church in 1958 on land alongside original Church. £20,000 financed by the
Diocese and £10,000 by the Parish.
- Built by voluntary labour under the dedicated leadership of Father Peter Lewis who sadly died in
1965.
- Dedication of the new "Christ the King" Church by Mervyn, Lord Bishop of Southwark on 31 October
1967.
- Original Church demolished in 1968 and its site became a garden of remembrance.

Curates in Charge of Christ Church

1881-1886 John Trevarthen, Diocesan Lay Reader
1886-1891 Rev. W. Hurst MA
1891-1892 Rev. M. G. Lascelles MA
1892-1906 Rev. P. R. Mahony
1906-1915 Rev. C. J. M. Godfrey MA
1915-1919 Rev. R. P. E. Cheesman MA AKC
1919-1932 Rev. D. L. Bryce MA
1932-1935 Rev. F. E. Watson MA
Parish Priests of Christ Church
1936-1940 Rev. F. G. Witcomb BD
1940-1945 Rev. E. A. Metcalfe BA
1945-1948 Rev. H. H. Anderson AKC
1948-1955 Rev. L. E. Whitlock AKC
1955-1965 Rev. P. S. Lewis MA

Vicars of Christ the King

1966-1974 Rev. M. S. Nicholls AKC
1975-1981 Rev. G. P. Nairn-Briggs AKC
1981- 1990 Rev. A. P. Lury BD AKC
1990- 1998 Rev. P. Edwards
1998- 2007 Rev. S. Caple
2008-         Rev. P. Keown

(A Short History of The Church in Salfords 1881 -1981)

Monotype

- First Monotype composing machine invented by American Tolbert Lanston in 1891.
- During Atlantic crossing Americans met Earl of Dunraven who formed syndicate to purchase British
rights. Hence Dunraven Avenue.
- Lanston Monotype Corp founded in 1899 and works built at Salfords off Honeycrock Lane.
- Frank Pierpoint, an American aristocrat and engineer, became Work's Manager from 1899 to 1937.
- Monotype became major employer in the district.
- Firm engaged in production of munitions and components in WW1 and WW2.
- Employed over 2000 people in WW2 and produced more then 18 million components including
73,000 Bren guns.
- Site now Perrywood Industrial Estate. (Instruments of War & Peace)

Hall & Co

- The builders supply merchant set up a large engineering base to the west of Salfords station in 1930.
- Designed and built its own vehicle bodies.
- Maintained all its fleet of vehicles and pit plant.
- Became major centre for repair and overhaul of armoured vehicles in WW2.
- Site sold in 1970s.
(A Century & a Quarter by C G Dobson 1951)

Railway Station

- Between 1838 and 1841 the London & Brighton Railway (later the London Brighton & South Coast
Railway) laid an up and down line through Salfords.
- In 1903 the LB&SC railway planned to lay two further tracks.
- Following a free offer of land south of Honeycrock Lane, the LB&SC railway decided to leave
sufficient room for a station when the two new tracks were laid in 1905. (Private research by Andrew
Roe)
- When Monotype increased its staff to meet WW1 war work it asked LB&SC railway to construct a
halt exclusively for its workers.
- Salfords Halt was opened for this purpose only on 08 Oct.10.1915.
- It was not opened for public use until 17 July 1932.
(The London to Brighton Line 1841 to 1977, by Adrain Grey, Oakwood Press).

High Trees

- In 1922 Miss Tucker rented a house in Newhouse Lane to set up a "Children's Convalescent Home"
for young people in need of country air.
- She changed its name from "Chatel Guyon" to "High Trees".
- She was later joined by Miss Young and together they ran the home.
- By 1928 it was known as "High Trees School" with over 40 young people up to 6 years and 10
members of staff.
- In March 1928 a horrific fire broke out in the top dormitory and despite heroic attempts by staff to
save all in that room, 5 young people died and were buried in Outwood cemetery.
- The fire destroyed the entire building and only the walls and chimney stacks were left standing.
- Mr Pierpoint immediately offered the use of Monotype's canteen to provide breakfast and dinners.
- Due to the supreme efforts of Miss Tucker, the school moved to Duxhurst Manor House for 2 years
until it relocated to Horsehills where it remained until it closed in 1984, except for its forced
evacuation to Woolacombe from 1940 to 45. (High Trees School by B.Buss & R.Cooper, 2002)

Village Hall

- Original hall built in 1925 at a cost of ?910.
- In 1978 the Salfords & Sidlow Parish Council agreed to replace the hall.

Guide Hall

- Rebuilt by volunteers in 1958

Scout Hut

- Rebuilt by volunteers in 1959.

Empire Works Site (Peartree Hill)

- Cecil Hodges Swichgear 1927.
- Aeonic 1928-1934.
- MDS 1934-1952.
- Mullards 1941-1975.
- Philips Research Labs, south of Cross Oak Lane 1975-2008
- Titan Travel 1996- (Brief History of Industrial Site at Peartree Hill by B.Buss, 2002)

Public Houses

- General Napier was a beer house before 1869, closed in 1996.
- Site opened as a Harvester in 1999.
- Prince Albert was a Public House in 1885, closed in 1998.
- Opened as a Mongolian restaurant around 2000.
- Reopened as a McDonalds in 2001.
- Nags Head was a Public House off Horley Road on corner of Three Arch Road until demolished in
the 1990s.
- Causeway opened on 19 May 1997 and demolished in 2007 for site redevelopment.
(The History of Public Houses in Horley by B Buss 2007)

BB
2 February 2009